Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

Transgender discussed. It can not be denied that

Transgender youth, more specifically transgender women, are among not only the most underrepresented group within the shelter system but the most discriminated group as well because they are victims of transphobia, racism and homophobia (Abramovich and Shelton; 4). The intersections of oppressions are very real problems for this group of young people because of its diversification and LGBTQ2S are often oppressed at different levels. Although shelters are supposed to be accessible to trans and queer residents, in the sexual identity to which they identify, this is unfortunately not always the case (Abramovich and Shelton; 4). The space within a shelter or housing program to which a person will be assigned depends more on the employee’s perception of the sex of the person rather than on the sex with which that person identifies, which obviously is very problematic because the sexual identity of a person does not always correspond to the sex assigned at birth.In her work titled Visibility on Their Own Terms? LGBTQ Lives in Small Canadian Cities, Myrdahl states  that “intersecting identities, including class, race or Aboriginal status, informs how the tension around accessibility is navigated” (Myrdahl; 39). In other words, the more marginalized the individual, the less membership they hold within the city. We know that homeless LGBTQ2S youth face a higher risk of physical and sexual exploitation, mental disorders, substance abuse, suicide and criminal victimization. Since the wake of the election of Donald Trump, fascists alike have been eager to show off their hatred; their call to homophobia, transphobia, Islamophobia, xenophobia, racism, misogyny and sexism. All this agitation and exploitation of human rights is paid for by the oppressed, especially those of the LGBTQ2S community.As early as June 2016, warning signs of this trend were observed with the shootings at Miami’s Pulse Club. The 2016 LGBTQ2S Pride celebrations highlight the setbacks and obstacles faced by the Queer movement in the United States. Pride is not only an opportunity to improve the community but also a way to assert solidarity in times of  political struggles; much like the activism of Black Lives Matter. Their involvement and stance on police inclusion of the Pride Parade at the Toronto parade last year has been greatly discussed. It can not be denied that corporations and police are involved in the oppression and marginalization of the LGBTQ2S community. Black and racialized queers, trans people and two-spirit Aboriginals live in precariousness and poverty. Black Lives Matter reminded us that Pride is born of struggle and activism. Their presence was not entirely appreciated by the mainstream media and some members of the community. Those who like to bury their head in the sand when it comes to racism, sexism, misogyny, transphobia, poverty, exploitation and Islamophobia were the ones that were upset with Black Lives Matter. Yet unsurprisingly, corporate whitewashing and police involvement made Pride less inclusive.Abramovich and Shelton talk about an initiative group called Black Queer Youth (BQY) that is targeted towards black/multiracial LGBTQ2S youth. They describe it as an “anti-oppressive, trans-inclusive, participatory, youth-centred space that is responsive to and defined by the needs of its participants … BQY is predicated on theories of intersectionality, which explores the interdependence between multiple identity categories (e.g., race, ethnicity and sexuality) and social inequities and exclusion (e.g., racism and homophobia)” (Abramovich and Shelton; 222-223). Intersectionality refers to the different forms of oppression and discrimination that an individual can face, not separately, but rather that are compounded at those intersections. It is based on the premise that racism, sexism, homophobia and other forms of discrimination/oppression cannot be fully explained if they are studied separately from each other. Intersectionality essentially aims to study the intersections between these different phenomena.In their text Urban Neoliberalism, Urban Insecurity, and Urban Violence, Kern and Mullings state that “the denial of basic public services to residents of poor communities, and their lack of access to space in the city, ultimately robs them of their right to full citizenship and their ability to influence and shape how social relations are conducted …  these exclusions and inclusions are distinctively gendered, and simultaneously reveal the multiple and intersecting axes of oppression that determine the rights to the city” (Kern and Mullings; 38). Intersectionality poses the question of the exclusion of certain groups in the space of social movements as well as in the field of law. It is as much a matter of denouncing policies of representation excluding certain minorities, as of pointing out how the legal categories resulting from the fight against discrimination fail to account for those of which categories of population located at the intersection of multiple minority situations.In her text Gendered Racialized Violence and Spatialized Justice: The Murder of Pamela George, Sherene Razack discusses the issue of the missing and murdered Indigenous women and focuses on the specific gendered violence they face. She states “… one young Aboriginal woman told the report’s authors of her own former life on the street, a past which included prostitution. Exemplifying what the report calls “a mixture of sexual and racial exploitation,” “Missy” described how men from high class communities go downtown to look for Native kids to rape and assault, knowing that the Native kids who survived would not talk” (Razack; 105).  Generally speaking, when someone says the word homeless the first thing that comes to mind is usually a male figure who sleeps in the streets. A more accurate assumption however is that women – especially trans women – make up a large portion of the homeless population in Canada (Abramovich and Shelton; 138). Without safe homes, women are at serious risk of emotional and physical harm; physical and sexual assault is a constant risk. Less visible also means more vulnerable. The lack of awareness of homelessness among women and trans women alike stifles the problem of “survival sex” (Abramovich and Shelton; 16) – the exchange of sexual services for a place to sleep – and creates a shortage of services.

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