Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

The Restoration period in the seventeenth century. It

The play
can be considered one of the finest examples of the dramatic genre known as
Comedy of Manners. The Comedy of Manners became popular in England during the
Restoration period in the seventeenth century. It relies on elements of satire
and irony in order to ridicule or expose the behaviors, manners, flaws, and
trivial or ridiculous values of members of the middle or upper classes. (In The
Importance of Being Earnest, Wilde portrays the false morality and empty
charity of England’s upper class during the late Victorian era.)

The
style of The Importance of Being Earnest depends vigorously on the utilization
of irony and satire. Incongruity is an literary device  that includes a rupture between what an
essayist, speaker, or storyteller says and what is comprehended by the peruser
or by different characters. (Oscar Wilde utilizes irony all through The
Importance of Being Earnest with a specific end goal to uncover the absurdity
and inflatedness of Victorian culture. The title of his play itself is an
unexpected quip on “Earnest”: the main female characters in the play,
Cecily and Gwendolen, are resolved to wed a man named Earnest, yet the men they
become hopelessly enamored with both apparently named “Earnest”— are
doing everything conceivable keeping in mind the end goal to get away from the
strict, sincere good code of their general public. Wilde’s irony uncovers his
conviction that the sincere way of the Victorian privileged societies is set
apart by triviality and falsification. For Wilde, it isn’t essential at all for
a person to act in the influenced, dishonestly sincere way of the Victorian
high society.

In
a satire, the write utilizes humor and wit so as to criticize or ridicule  a specific individual or group of people.
Satire keenly disguise criticism of a proposed focus by covering   it in
clever dialect, entertaining portrayals, and mockery  In this play The Importance of Being Earnest
Wilde satirized the Victorian age. By making a joke of the Victorian beliefs,
Wilde put a sarcastic focus on the Victorian age all in all. The Victorian
culture fell in an energetic love with the possibility of earnestness. Living
in a earnest way was the highest goals of the Victorian culture.
Earnestness  was held as a great virtue in
the Victorian culture. The significance of being Earnest by Oscar Wilde uses
satire to criticize the social standards of marriage love and mentality which
were extremely inflexible amid the Victorian Age. Since it utilizes satire to
criticize these instituitions, it demonstrates the aberrance from the social
order by making crazy ideas of standard, ethics and behavior. By endeavoring to
remedy the blemishes of the characters in this play, this piece likewise fills
in as an extraordinary type of critiscim. “The play truly owes a comment
on restoration comic tradition

Wilde
was a master at art of  turning the
English dialect around to fit his snide subjects and in this play he achieved
that to an abnormal state. The title of this piece is even a play-on-word
“Earnest” which can mean two unique things. It can mean the
undeniable and be the real characters name, however it additionally can mean a
feeling of earnestness and he at that point passes on that earnestness into
reality for the characters. The two principle characters in the play, Jack and
Algernon, bent over backward to be “Earnest” and “Sincere”
in the play. They begin their relationship in view of the lies in the
expectation of wedding the young ladies that they cherish. There is incongruity
in the play when they both call themselves “Earnest”, a name that
recommends trustworthiness and earnestness, yet they both make stories to
circumvent something or the other. Jack makes a sibling called “Earnest”
in the city that he utilizes as a ‘scape goat’ to leave his demure and
legitimate, respectable nation life, though Algernon makes a companion by the
name of “Bunbury” to get away from his close relative’s high class
society parties.

Wilde is scorning the association of marriage, as it didn’t
rely upon fondness, however on more vain shallow criteria. There is bending
used to spoof the vanity of the nobles, Wilde still brings over the point that
both Gwendolen and Cecily may have declined to marry the ‘men they had forever
needed’s if their names weren’t ‘Earnest.’

            The
society was so attached to the fake ideals of that it was prepared to pay any
cost for it. This furious and hysterical push towards the standards pressurized
people to carry on with a twofold life. Individuals turned out to be twofold
merchants trying to live truly. The late nineteenth century British individuals
step by step wound up noticeably two-faced in their in vogue and faddish battle
to acquire the goals of genuineness. This line of scramble for the sincere life
influenced individuals to trade off with anything. Monstrous,
narrow-mindedness, pointless pride, misguided feeling of self-esteem and
hazardous haughtiness created as shades of malice which consumed the basic
appeal and pristine nature of individuals. The Victorian culture was ostensibly
extravagant. It was artificial and hollow within.

The upper white middle class haughty and pomposity nature is
studied by Wilde. Woman Bracknell presumptuously rejects Jack’s proposition to
Gwendolen. Her haughty way shows up when she questions Jack whether he is
extremely met all requirements to be her son 
 in law or not. To the express
disgrace of the perusers, she had kept all the bio-information and tributes of
the individuals who challenged to propose to Gwendolen, yet demonstrated unfit
suitors for her little girl. It is extremely unbecoming of lady Bracknell to
take such a total control over her little girl’s entitlement to pick a
reasonable life companion. This haughty pattern accessible in the upper white
collar class individuals is fundamentally uncovered by Wilde in this play.

In the play two characters are demonstrated putting the
virtue of earnestness on the platform. Jack Worthing and Algernon are those
characters who are fixated on the name genuineness. Jack lives in a nation
house. He knows it obviously that cutting edge Victorian woman in urban culture
falls rapidly enamored with a man named Earnest. In any case, he had a nation
name Jack. So to capture the adoration for a urban woman Jack took another
invented name Earnest and went to London. This sort of deceptive existence of
Jack is a case of twofold life. Why Jack took the name Earnest? The appropriate
response is a urban woman adores just those whose names are Earnest. Since
Victorian culture allowed adolescents to have a twofold existence, Jack picked
that name. The faddish clique of carrying on with a earnest  life was on the ascent in the Victorian
culture. Along these lines Jack occupied with the clique of Bunburying. With
the name Earnest Jack got down to business to meet his companion, Algernon. He
met Gwendolen. Gwendolen knew his name was Earnest. She began to look all
starry eyed at him on the spot. From Gwendole’s conduct, perusers come to know
how crazy the Victorian culture had progressed toward becoming. What can be
more incredible than the announcement of Gwendolen, who says, “I adore you
on the grounds that your name is Earnest?” What sort of adoration, it is
whose establishment isn’t commitment with respect to lower however a
unimportant verbal appeal of name? What does the general public get from those
individuals who experience passionate feelings for out of the otherworldly,
appeal of name as it were? Jack, and Gwendolen alone are not responsible for
the shallowness and phony that corrupts the general public. It is the then
Victorian culture which accounted for young people to pursue a depthless and
quintessence less life. Her distraught hunger for adoration in light of the
beguiling name sincere made Gwendolen’s affection substance-less. Jack’s tricky
style of living around the local area by the imaginary name sincere made him a
twofold merchant. Jack moved toward becoming liar during the time spent
carrying on with a sincere life. He told his ward, Cecily that his sibling
named Earnest lives around the local area, he falls wiped out, so he needs to
visit him nearby.

In
the same way and similarly, Algernon took a serious false name, and went to the
village to earn Cecily’s love. Algernon knew that Cecily loves Jack’s fictional
brother named Earnest. Then Algernon went to meet him with the impression that
he is Jack’s brother. Both man and woman became victims of hypocrisy and the
vice of double dealing. These evils persisted in Victorian society.
Particularly, the upper middle classes were charged with the madness of rushing
by hollow ideals of seriousness. Both Jack and Algernon represent the upper
middle class. Their lives were full of vices and follies.

Oscar
Wilde has attacked the Victorian era for his attachment to life without love.
The love defined by Victorian society lacked love. In the play, Wilde shows
that Jack and Algernon are in love without love with Gwendolen and Cecily,
respectively. Even Gwendolen and Cecily love their respective lovers for their
noble Earnest names and not for them. We are ashamed to hear such a declaration
of love. Love for the name of beloved and not for him / her becomes the guiding
principle of youth. This love devoid of emotional depth is lampooned by Wilde
in the play. In the work, we find Gwendolen following the dictates of the
fashions. In this direction of obeying the sovereign tyranny of fashion, she
lost even a remnant of courage to affirm her will. This ridiculous situation of
Gwendolen can be seen in his reactions of submission to each word of his
mother.

Victorian
morality is slightly insinuated by Wilde in a satirical way. The relaxed
concentration of Dr. Chasuble in Sermon reveals his wide concern for moral
conscience. The moral conscience of the Victorian people can be known a little
from the religious commitment of Dr. Chasuble. Chasuble is the type of priest
who gives sermons repeatedly in order to satisfy the moods of the attendees.
The unstable moral conscience of Dr. Chasuble is reflected in his surrender to
Mrs. Prism’s affection. From Chasuble’s moral situation, readers are confronted
with the dramatist’s satirical view of the vacillating moral faith in Victorian
society. Life in Victorian society was full of hustle and bustle. The people
were anxious. Much more business kept people confined to their own privacy. The
deeply hidden anxiety caused the Victorians to be distracted. Miss Prism is a
victim of Victorian distraction.

In conclusion, The Importance of Being Earnest
strongly focuses on those of the upper class society and the vanity of the
aristocrats who place emphasis on trivial matters concerning marriage. Both
Algernon and Jack assume the identity of “Earnest” yet ironically,
they both are beginning their marital lives based on deception and lies. Lady
Bracknell represents the archetypal aristocrat who forces the concept of a
marriage based on wealth or status rather than love. Through farce and
exaggeration, Wilde satirically reveals the foolish and trivial matters that
the upper class society looks upon as being important. As said earlier, a
satiric piece usually has a didactic side to it. In this case, Lady Bracknell
learns that the same person she was criticising is actually her own flesh and
blood. Wilde uses sarcasm, for example, to ridicule the pretentious obsession
with charity practiced by many members of the Victorian upper classes. For instance,
when discussing acts of charity, Lady Bracknell’s reasoning illustrates Wilde’s
mastery of satire. She explains that she does not “in any way approve of the
modern sympathy with invalids. I consider it morbid. Illness of any kind is
hardly a thing to be encouraged in others”. Plays often illustrate one or more
themes. Some of the significant themes in The Importance of Being Earnest are
views on marriage, social class and class mobility, names and identities,
reputation and propriety, gender relations, false earnestness, and the
importance of triviality.