Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

“‘It came in a yellowish-brown haze from the

“‘It came in a yellowish-brown haze from the South and in rolling walls of black from the North'”(Modern American Poetry). Thousands of people died as a result of the Dust Bowl. The Dust Bowl affected the lives of farmers and citizens of the midwest for up to eight years due to drought, wind erosion, and poor farming techniques. In the 1930’s dust storms and drought swept through the area of Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas and damaged agriculture. The dust storms were caused due to drought and not having the ability to stop wind erosion. The Dust Bowl affected the Great Depression by that farmers fell into poverty during the Dust Bowl and after they fell into poverty, they moved to cities and less rural areas in the west in search of jobs to support their families. The Dust Bowl was a tragic event that affected many lives in the U.S. In the time of the 1930’s the Dust Bowl was caused due to wind erosion and drought. Due to drought, the plants that the farmers were trying to grow failed and so did the grass on the topsoil which left the topsoil exposed to weather. “‘ We need the earth to stay alive, but dust is a nuisance, or, worse, a killer. On a planet such as ours, where there is much wind, where there are frequent dry spells, and where we encounter vast expanses of bare soil, dust is a constant presence. It rises from the hooves of animals, from a wagon’s wheels, from a dry riverbed, from the deserts'”( Worster 13). “‘Sandy loess soil, drought, lack of soil-holding vegetation, and wind have caused the dust to blow on the southern Great Plains since the prehistoric period. During the nineteenth century, drought and prairie fires sometimes destroyed the grass and exposed the soil to wind erosion. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries the settlement of the region and drought contributed to dust storms as farmers plowed the grassland for crops.'”(US History in Context). Also, the citizens who lived there had poor farming techniques and did not understand the complexity of the environment. These factors caused dust storms in the midwest which were very harmful to the citizens and agriculture. The dust storms did not directly affect all of the U.S. but only certain states.The Dust Bowl affected New Mexico, Texas, Kansas, Colorado, and Oklahoma directly but other states indirectly. “‘In 1931, drought struck the southern Great Plains. By late January 1932, dust storms began to sweep across the Texas Panhandle, and wind erosion became a common problem for the region during the spring. During the worst storms of the decade, the dust drifted like snow, halted road and railway travel, and made breathing difficult. Work crews shoveled the railway tracks clear of drifted dust so the trains could pass. Railroad engineers sometimes missed their stations. During the worst dust storms, residents sealed windows with tape or putty and hung wet sheets in front of windows to filter the air. Others spread sheets over their upholstered furniture, wedged rags under doors, and covered keyholes to keep the dirt out of their homes.'”( US History in Context).  “‘As a result, dust storms raged nearly everywhere, but the most severely affected areas were in the Oklahoma(Cimarron, Texas, and Beaver counties) and Texas panhandles, western Kansas, and eastern Colorado and northeastern New Mexico'”(Oklahoma Historical Society). “‘The primary impact area of the Dust Bowl, as it came to be known, was on the Southern Plains. The Northern Plains weren`t so badly affected, but the drought, dust, and agricultural decline were felt there as well. The agricultural devastation helped to lengthen the Great Depression, whose effects were felt worldwide.One hundred million acres of the Southern Plains were turning into a wasteland of the Dust Bowl. Large sections of five states were affected — Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and New Mexico.'”(United States History). The ways that the dust storms of the Dust Bowl indirectly affected states were that the farmers who lived in states directly affected by the Dust Bowl lost their farms and needed work to support their families and without the farms they had no money and had to move west. “‘There were more than 100 million acres of land affected by the Dust Bowl.'”(Dust Bowl Facts). This area of land had many farmers and settlers on it and they had to leave to make a living in the west. When these farmers moved to the west they tried to get jobs as workers in factories but “‘Because of the Great Depression, many of the farmers who migrated to the cities to look for work due the Dust Bowl’s destruction of their land could not find employment.'”(Dust Bowl Facts). “‘Farmers who rented the land and farmhouse couldn’t pay rent, and farmers who owned their land couldn’t make payments.'”(Farming in the 1930’s). When these farmers couldn’t produce enough crops to make a living most moved to the west to get jobs. Most settlers did not leave their homes but some did. Many farmers became homeless due to the dust storms damaging their homes. “‘They streamed over the mountains, hungry and restless — restless as ants, scurrying to find work to do — to lift, to push, to pull, to pick, to cut — anything, any burden to bear, for food.'”(Steinbeck 245). When these farmers moved from the plains to the west, they wanted any job just so they could support their families. These settlers in the plains left due to terrible conditions which caused medical conditions. Due to the Dust Bowl thousands of people died. The illness of “‘dust pneumonia'” was caused because of too much exposure to dust particularly dust storms. “‘Even the weather caused sickness. In 1930s, many people on the Great Plains suffered from “‘dust pneumonia'” where grit in the lungs simulated the symptoms of the killer disease.'”(Farming in the 1930’s). When these people came up with “‘dust pneumonia'” some of them could not afford treatment and had to try to survive without it. “‘Dust pheumonia was one of the worst diseases developed around the time inflicting a fever, chest pain, difficultly in breathing, and coughing. To help prevent the disease red cross sent thousands of gauze mask to school children, however they were not so successful. The death rate at one point  was as large as hundreds to thousands. Other diseases that effected people were rickets, valley fever, and malnutrition. These diseases were so effective they caused families to migrate away from the dust'”(THE DUST BOWL). Rickets is when a child’s bones get weak caused by a shortage of Vitamin D, valley fever is when a fungus gets into your lungs and most get healthy again without medical treatment, and malnutrition is when someone does not have enough nutrition because of a shortage of food. These diseases affected the settlers of the Great Plains by that they killed thousands of people. In the time of the 1930’s the Dust Bowl caused tons of problems. These problems consist of sickness, due to the terrible living conditions and dust everywhere. Poverty, because of the farmers who could not make a career to support their family due to the inability of growing crops to sell. The Dust Bowl also affected the Great Depression because of the farmers who had to move west. When the farmers moved west, they could not always find jobs due to the depression that the U.S. was already in and when the farmers could not find jobs to support their families, the percent of how many unemployed people in America went up and that made the depression even worse. These are the reasons that the Dust Bowl was a tragic event in the United States.