Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler was born in Austria on April 20th, 1889. His younger brother died in 1900 when Hitler was just 11 years old, leaving him to become detached and introverted. As he became older he moved to Germany and served for Germany in World War One. In 1919 Hitler attended a so-called German Workers’ party meeting. He quickly became one of the party’s most popular speakers and propagandist which resulted in him helping increase membership, to approximately 6,000 by 1921. He later became the leader and renamed the group to the National Socialist German Workers party. Hitler, the now German dictator, led the extreme nationalist and racist Nazi party. He was the chancellor-president of Germany from 1933-1945. Hitler’s leadership lead to the deaths of nearly six million jews, although he is still, arguably, one of the most powerful and effective leaders of the twentieth century. After the rapid down fall of Germany in the war, Hitler knew that the military system was on the verge of collapsing. He married his long time lover, Eva Braun and within 48 hours of marrying her, they both committed suicide by gunshot in his underground bunker.America Bombing JapanOn August 6, 1945, the world’s first deployed atomic bomb was dropped over Hiroshima, Japan. The bomb was dropped by a B-29 bomber and the explosion destroyed 90% of the city. It immediately killed 80,000 people but later would kill tens of thousands more from radiation exposure. Three days later, on August 9th, another bomb was dropped by a B-29 bomber. This time over the Japanese city, Nagasaki. This bombing was not quite as devastating, killing only half as many as the first bomb (around 40,000). After these bombings, Japan’s Emperor Hirohito, surrendered his country unconditionally in the war, citing the devastating power of “a new and most cruel bomb.”Anne FrankAnnelies Marie Frank was born on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany. When she was five years old, the Nazis came into power, meaning she had to flee with her family to Amsterdam in the Netherlands. For two years, Anne Frank lived in a secret attic apartment behind the family owned business and referred to it as the Secret Annex. Otto Frank (Anne’s dad) had friends and colleagues who had previously helped to prepare the hiding place and risked their own lives greatly by smuggling food and clothing to the Frank family and their four friends. The Frank’s hiding spot was compromised on August 4th 1944, after an anonymous Dutch caller tipped of police. The same day the Franks were arrested by Dutch police and SS Sergeant Karl Silberbauer and sent them to Westerbork. . One month later the Franks were transported by train from Westerbork to the Auschwitz Concentration camps. Anne and her sister Margot were selected for labor due to their young age and physical condition and were transferred to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in North Germany. Anne and Margot both died of typhus in March 1945. It was only weeks before British troops set free Bergen-Belsen. Anne’s mother also died, leaving her father to be the only one from the Frank family to survive the Holocaust. He was released at Auschwitz on January 27th, 1945. Anne became a symbol of the children who died in the Holocaust because of the diary she kept while in hiding. She wrote about her fears, hopes and experiences and when she was arrested, Miep Gies, one of the people who helped to hide the Franks, kept it for her for when she would return. Although when she didn’t, Anne’s father, Otto got the diary published and it became one of the most famous books to ever be published.Auschwitz Concentration CampThe Auschwitz Concentration Camp complex consisted of three main camps, Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II (Auschwitz-Birkenau) and Auschwitz III (Auschwitz Monowitz). It was the largest concentration camp of its kind and was established by the Nazi regime. All three of the camps used the prisoners for forced labour and even had one functioning as a killing centre for a while. Within five years (1940-1945) an estimated 1.3 million were made prisoner of the Auschwitz concentration camps, of these 1.3 million, only around 200,000 survived. In October 1944, several hundred prisoners at Auschwitz II rebelled after learning they were going to be killed. Jewish women who had been assigned to work in a nearby weaponry factory smuggled in explosives. These explosives were used to blow up the crematorium and the adjacent gas chamber, during the uprising the rebels also managed to kill three guards. When the Germans suppressed the uprising, they killed almost all the prisoners involved and then publicly hung the women that smuggled in the explosives.History of the SwastikaThe Swastika was used at least 5,000 years before it became known as the symbol for the Nazi propaganda. It comes from the Sanskrit word, svastika, and means “good-fortune” or “well-being.” Today it is a sacred symbol in religions such as Buddhism, Jainism and Hinduism and is commonly seen on houses and temples in Indonesia and India. The swastika could even be found in Christian art, as it was a symbol of good luck. The swastika was used in Germany by many far-right nationalist movements after the first World War, including the Nazi Party. The symbol was associated with the idea of a racially “pure” state. When the Nazis had gained control of Germany, the associations of the swastika had changed, it went from being a symbol of good luck and good fortune to a something that symbolises the horrific events of World War II and the Nazi propaganda. The swastika is how the Nazis were recognized as it appeared everywhere, on the Nazi flag, medallions, arm bands, election posters, etc. Nazi RacismHitler believed that if his race was to take over the world, they must remain pure. Hitler’s ideal “Aryan” (the name he gave for the “master race”) was blonde, tall and blue eyed. When he came to power, he used media such as posters, radio, movies, newspapers and classrooms to display the ideology. Scientists in Germany believed that they could improve the human race by limiting the reproduction of thoses labeled “inferior.” In 1933 the German physicians were given permission to perform operations on the “inferior” races making them unable to have children. Most people who were performed on were Roma (Gypsies), people that were handicapped, deaf, blind or mentally ill and African-German children. Jews were not considered as a religious group by Hitler and the Nazis but instead, a toxic race that live of the other races and exhausted them. Nazi teachers even went to the extent of applying the “principles of racial science” to children in the classroom. They would measure nose length, skull size and the color of the students hair eyes to decide whether the pupils were true Aryan or Jewish and Romani.