Aveneu Park, Starling, Australia

Abstract: questions page 4 5. Case study ·

Abstract:

Technology
has achieved a lot to insure better living conditions for mankind through the
different devices and appliances used in our daily lives. In the conventional
devices actions must be actively triggered from inside the house. Then there
was the environmental control system which means setting some actions to be
triggered at a certain time of the day. Example of that is setting the
irrigation system to be triggered at a certain time of the day or setting the
curtain to be on and off in day or night time. Moreover, the environmental
control system can be integrated in the smart housing system. In the past few
decades smart housing became more popular. The main advantage over the other
systems is the ability to monitor actions inside the house and take automatic
actions. Smart housing changed the way we think of homes and their internal
management. This paper analyzes the smart technology in housing considering its
benefits and flaws.

Aim
of the study: to review and analyze the application of smart housing technology
as a tool for enhancing the human life

Methodology:
the paper is an article review of the smart housing projects and their benefits

Key
words: smart home, housing projects, smart security, interactive technology,
remote services.

Research structure:

1.     
Introduction                                                                            
page 3

2.     
Literature review                                          

·        
The adaptive house                                                   page 3

·        
The aware house                                                        page 3

·        
The disciplinary agent house                                    page 4

3.     
The research problem                                                            
page 4

4.     
The research questions                                                          
page 4

5.     
Case study

·        
the Norwegian smart housing project: BESTA        page 4

·        
Katamya heights                                                          page 5

·        
The palm hills e-compound project in Egypt          page 5

6.     
ANALYSIS                                                                                   
page 6

7.     
Smart Parking Management System                                     page 8

8.     
Smart Tracking Management System                                   page 8

9.     
Smart Mobility & Transport                                                
   page 8

10. 
4-   Bus
Rapid Transit                                                                page
9

11. 
Applications in Egypt

·        
Problems solved                                                        
page 9

·        
Advantages                                                              
   page 9

·        
Disadvantages                                                         
   page 9

·        
The problems we face                                                page
9

·        
Suggestions                                                                   page 10

12. 
Conclusion      
                                                                          page
10

13. 
Remarks for future research                                                 
page 10

14. 
References                                                                               
page 11

Introduction:

Smart housing is housing that includes the technology to allow for
devices and systems to be controlled automatically. Smart housing technically
is a collective term for information and communication technology used in
houses where the various components / systems are communicating via a local
network to monitor, warn and carry out functions according to selected criteria
as well as making the automatic communication with the surroundings via the
Internet. So it simply means a residence that has appliances, lighting,
heating, air conditioning, TVs, computers, entertainment audio & video
systems, security, and camera systems that are capable of communicating with
one another and can be controlled remotely by a time schedule, from any room in
the home, as well as remotely from any location in the world by phone or
internet.

Smart house system include sprinkler system control, outlet control,
light and appliances, occupancy aware system, airflow and temperature control,
garbage control and security.

Literature review:

The adaptive house

An early research on smart housing at the University of Colorado focused
on emphasizing the comfort of the home through environmental control. It
depends on sensors and surveillance to anticipate the needs and actions of the
residents. According to the researchers the house became smart when it’s
capable of anticipating the needs of the inhabitant and adapt its operations to
respond to them.

The aware
house

Another research group at the Georgia institute of technology in 2000
focused on making the house capable of taking care of its residents. The aim of
the research was to create a self- sufficient home in care management, home
automation, entertainment and media. This is achieved through sensing and
identifying potential crises and automatically contact services as needed. The
house is able to track behavioral trends to identify a dangerous or unfamiliar
situation as well as creating social connection between adults and their
relatives.

The disciplinary agent house

Another research at the architectural department at MIT focused on the
infinite adaptability of the house. They used automated design tools to create
a more customized and flexible environment that can replace housing mass
production. In this house the residents will only participate in leisure
activities without having to worry about anything in the house. The experiment
maximizes the house interaction with the surrounding environment to manage and
organize the resident’s life.

The research problem

The use of smart systems in housing is limited in security and
entertainment in Egypt so the research discusses the different life aspects and
how will they benefit from the system and how can smart housing be integrated
in different housing projects to enhance and modernize them.

The research questions

 How do we integrate with the
different systems and codes in the building?

What is its environmental impact?

How can it be integrated in the urban context?

When can the smart technology be integrated in the project?

What are the requirements to implement the smart housing project?

Case study (the Norwegian smart housing project:
BESTA)

  This project was part of the
health insurance and health care system. The purpose was to emphasize safety
and independence for the elder and the disabled as well as enhancing the quality
of health services with reasonable costs. The smart system was integrated in
their existing houses which differ from building a new home with smart system.
The system depends on sensors and surveillance to manage the life of the
resident. An example of how does smart housing help the healthcare service
provider and user is at a time of sudden medical emergency. The senior bed is
optimized with sensors and the bedroom with surveillance system so when the
senior leaves the bed at night and if a certain medical emergency happened then
the system identifies that he is gone for a long period and alerts the
authorities to provide help. This can help the authorities by minimizing the
false alarm preparation for some incidents and raises the quality of the
service. In that project the smart system was useful in supporting independence
in life as well as enhancing the municipal services.

The advantages of the project for the user are increased safety and increased
independence. The advantages for the municipalities are improved quality of
services, improved working conditions for employees and financial benefits.
This project proved that the financing system contribute to the establishment
of the technological infrastructure. Also the attitude of the employees affects
the use of technology. Moreover the project in a whole was relatively
inexpensive. It also proved the importance of Technical awareness to avoid
mistakes (installing chips and cords / the wiring system).

Analysis

Smart housing can be integrated in the existing building or during the
building process but the advantage of installing smart housing during the
building process makes it important to plan ahead for it in the projects. For
example, they are cheaper, part of a totality, save part of conventional
installations and the installation can be concealed.

There are several requirements to implement smart systems into existing
buildings. The requirements for the staff that The technology must be reliable,
The employees must be trained, The alarm receivers/telephones must be easy to
learn, The alarm receivers/telephones must be handy to carry, The alarm
receivers/telephones must tolerate being dropped on the floor and The alarm
receivers should give differentiated Messages. The requirements for technical
support staff are that the employees must be trained, clear routines and
distribution of responsibility for changes, adjustments and programming and clear
routines and distribution of responsibility for service and maintenance

Case study: Smart housing project in Egypt:

Katamya heights

The project is a private villa. The Villa consists of three floors and a
landscape. The system consists of:
-Full Lighting Control: including lighting scenes to fit each room’s need.
– Full A/C Control.
– Full Shutter/Front Gate/Garage Gate Control.
– Integration with Audio Distribution system.
– Another dedicated iPad application for full separate control over every
single circuit in the system.
– Full-home sequences, for example: Arrival, Travelling, Going Out and
Goodnight.

 

The palm hills e-compound project in Egypt

The project uses smart housing technology to create better experience in
entertainment, house security and surveillance and inter-communication system
to deliver remote services.

Analysis

 Smart housing technology in Egypt
still limited to some areas. Service providers in Egypt focus more on security
and leisure services than home automation. Also smart housing projects in Egypt
are exclusive to a few private houses and luxurious compounds. Still there are
possibilities for expanding the smart housing projects to include healthcare
providing and home automation services

Some of the leading providers of smart housing systems in Egypt are
sphere smart solutions, OT solutions and Digitalcom.

ANALYSIS

Smart housing projects enhance the services we use in our daily lives in
many ways. Some of the fields that can be enhanced through that technology
are:

1.     
Security: there have
been major advances in that field such as the use of the sensors to identify
the movement in the house. The ability to identify abnormal movement or
activity. The door and window has sensors that identify their current position
especially at night. The system can contact authorities in case of emergency.

Analysis: we can use the smart security
system to enhance safety and prevent personal damages and loses. This will
definitely reduce the crime rate and enhance the quality of life. It will also
prevent or reduce the times of false alarm calls to the police station which
will save the governmental resources to focus on more important issues. Instead
the surveillance system will alert the authorities in case of abnormal
behavior. It will also provide the record for the incident which will save both
time and resources. The smart security system is the most spreading of smart
home systems in Egypt due to its efficiency as well as the priceless fell of
safety it provides.

2.     
Remote
control: the ability to control and monitor every activity or
even give orders from outside the house through the computer or the cell phone.

Analysis: we can use
our smart phones to control the system from outside the house. This saves the
time and effort which lead to more comfortable life. This feature is useful
when the resident forgets to run house tasks as it makes it easy to turn
systems and appliances on and off remotely. This saves the resident’s time and
effort to get back to the house. It also makes it easy to prevent certain
hazards. This reduces the energy and resources consumption and the street
population density.

3.     
Deliver
remote services: the smart house can call the supermarket to get
groceries or communicate with the doctor without leaving the house. It can
contact any municipal service or even improve contact with clients to
facilitate working from home.

Analysis: this feature integrates the smart
housing with smart governance and smart city systems. So it improves the
service quality therefore the quality of life. The feature simply means that
the system can identify the needs of the user and use communications to deliver
it. This means that we can reduce the need for commuting to get the service
which reduce or eliminate the street jam, energy consumption, pollution and
reduce the pressure on services. For example, the system will identify certain
medical condition then alert the hospital which will evaluate the situation and
decide to send an ambulance or not. In the previous scenario the system also
saved the governmental resources and ensured that the resources are used
effectively.

4.     
Manage daily
tasks: smart house can optimize and accomplish tasks without human
intervention such as irrigating the garden.

Analysis: this feature will improve the
quality of life as it makes the resident get the most of his time and enhance
productivity through automatically running the simple daily tasks. So the
system integrates all the information it gained into efficient processing of
daily tasks so from that perspective it reduces the energy and resources
consumption, saves the residents time and makes for a better way of life.

5.     
Interact with
the residents: it responds to the needs of the residents through
appliances control.

Analysis: an example for that is turning the
light on when sensing a motion in the space. Or turning the air conditioner off
when everyone leaves the room. This feature saves energy and money for both the
resident and the government. This also means getting the best out of the system
with the minimal energy and resources used. This system is beneficial for the
disabled and the elder because it eliminate the need for human help. This can
enhance health care system taking it to another level of services quality.

6.     
Interacts
with the surroundings: to enhance the state of the building and the
comfort of the residents so it correspond to different climates, optimizes
energy and water consumption and connect with other services for maintenance.

Analysis: this feature analyses the
surrounding conditions and integrate it into the building system to improve it.
Part of this feature integrates the smart city system and smart housing system.
This feature help reducing the resources consumption and it can even help
improving the surrounding environment

7.     
Green
architecture: Through energy management and monitoring the
surrounding environment.

Analysis: this feature will improve energy
management through monitoring the surrounding environment.


The use of the smart home
systems is cost and time efficient but one of the main concerns about it is the
main way of collecting data which is monitoring the surroundings and full time
surveillance. Sharing such information threatens human privacy. Also hacking
the system will leak so much information about the residents which is risky. Another
concern is that the way home automation work may put human freedom into risk as
the system controls every appliance and service in the house an example of that
is the door locker control system.


The smart housing
implementation will also affect architecture as it will change the way we think
of home. Some function will get less important and some spaces will not have the
same importance. With the smart system the house also can contain more or new
activities that will affect its design. The distance from the residential area
to the center of the governmental buildings can now get greater allowing the
residents to enjoy more nature and to be bothered less with traffic and
overpopulation problems

There are
other smart systems that integrate with the smart housing projects such as:

1-     
Smart Parking Management
System: it can improve the system through :

•Real-time information on available parking slots

•Reduction in congestion

•Reduced carbon emission

•Digital payment to avoid leakages

•Improved citizen experience

2-     
Smart Tracking Management
System : integrates with the system to provide :

• Safe, Comfortable and Reliable

• Increased accountability

• Better Fleet Management

• Enhanced scheduling & Planning

• Information accuracy

• Enhanced security

• Highly automated

3-     
Smart
Mobility & Transport

Smart Mobility and Transport are best described to be approaches which
reduce congestion and foster faster, greener and cheaper transportation options
aims to save energy and reduce carbon emissions.

Bus Rapid Transit: it is on the neighborhood
project scale and its benefits:

•     
reducing commute time

•     
better air quality

•     
 reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions

•     
lower traffic accidents

Applications
in Egypt

Problems
solved

1.     
The increase in the use of
transportation due to the high population

2.     
High emission of buried gases
released by transportation

3.     
Low operational efficiency of
transport infrastructure

4.     
Decrease Egypt’s share of Nile
water

Advantages

1.     
Low fuel consumption leading
to

§  Improve air quality

§  Low level of congestion

2.     
Water reuse

3.     
reduce the costs of energy of
home or building consumes by up to 35%

4.     
Optimal exploitation of
natural energy sources

5.     
Reduce cost

6.     
Provide documented information
on the dates, prices and places of different means of transportation

7.     
Secures Home Through Automated
Door Locks

8.     
Reduce building maintenance

Disadvantages

1.     
Network connection is
necessary.

2.     
Application can be used with
GPS enabled handset.

3.     
There is no privacy of social
life

The problems
we face

1.     
Failure to absorb the
infrastructure of modern technological means

2.     
Weak economic level of Egypt

3.     
People do not recognize the
importance of their use smart technology Elements

Suggestions:

1.     
Raising awareness of the
importance of its application and its usefulness to the surrounding environment

2.     
New legislation and laws that
encourage employment

3.     
Encourage charities, NGOs and
foreign investment to contribute to the provision smart technology Elements

 

 

Conclusion:

While Smart housing projects use technology to enhance people’s life,
enhance resources consumption and maximize security measures far beyond the
previous systems, still this technology contain and share very personal
information about residents.

The technology is very useful in some community projects like the elder
and disabled housing and from that perspective it is very cost-efficient. 

In the private housing project using that technology has its remarkable
benefits that overcome the cost on the long run.

Smart housing project in Egypt is exclusive for some compounds and
private residential buildings and for entertainment and security purposes.
Still there are lots of opportunities in integrating it in the elder and
disabled housing to increase independence and welfare and decrease the cost of
health care by remotely monitoring the residents.

Remarks for future research  

The system’s privacy should be enhanced to minimize the amount of information
shared out of the system.

There should be new laws and codes that regulate the use of that
technology and protect the people’s privacy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

 

Smart Houses: Managing the House at a Distance to
the Management of Life Itself , Liliana Bounegru, University of Amsterdam,
Media Studies New Media (MA), 2009
Energy Ensemble (2015)
Smart home technology (planning
and management in municipal services), social and Heath Affairs, Oslo,
Norway 
Smart home (computer engineering project),2012
http://saveonenergy.ca/Business/Program-Overviews/Retrofit-for-Commercial.aspx
http://dupress.com/articles/smart-mobility-trends/
 http://www.smart-cities.eu/model_3.html
http://www.wricities.org/news/press-release-new-analysis-shows-bus-rapid-transit-improves-quality-life-cities#sthash.5T4SglxF.dpuf
http://entech-egypt.com/index.php/projects/254-full-smart-home-automation-solution